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Submitted by on 02/04/2009 – 8:12 pmNo Comment

Schoolwide Prevention Models include academic and behavioral strategies shown to address problems before they become serious. In practice, these strategies are often “siloed” into separate programs: RTI (Response to Intervention) focuses on academic interventions, usually reading.

PBIS (Positive Behavior Interventions and Support) focuses on behavior. The frameworks for both PBIS & RTI are very similar: a Three Tier approach to intervention, universal data collection, data-driven decision making, and the implementation of “evidence-based” practices. Additionally, both models recognize and prioritize systematic and on-going professional development to facilitate implementation.

The Three Tier Approach includes:

  • Universal Support
    Successful schools use strategies to prevent problems before they occur. Evidence-based teaching and behavior management methods used consistently can reduce the need for academic and behavioral interventions. These universal strategies form the bottom tier of the prevention pyramid.
  • Targeted Strategies
    Every school has academic and behavioral challenges that persist, even with good universal practices. Evidence-based targeted interventions have been shown to be effective for many of these students. These targeted interventions form the middle tier of the prevention pyramid.
  • Individual Interventions
    Implementing effective universal and targeted interventions will reduce the number of students requiring intensive support. Directing focused resources to the needs of this third tier of students will reduce the number referred to special education or suspended from school for behavioral issues.

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